Scientific journal

51 2012

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 1 / 2012

SUH, H.-J. – CHOI, S.
Risk assessment of daily intakes of artificial colour additives in food commonly consumed in Korea
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 51, 2012, No. 1, s. 13-22

Hee-Jae Suh, Department of Food Science, Sun Moon University, Asan, Chungnam 140-742, Korea. Tel: +82-41-530-2267, e-mail:

Summary: The aim of this study was to determine the artificial colours in foods and evaluate the dietary intake of artificial colour additives in foods commonly consumed by different age groups in Korea. The content level of artificial food colour was experimentally determined by high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector. Of the 643 food items analysed, 503 (approximately 78%) contained artificial colorants. Consumers aged 13–19 years displayed the greatest consumption of colour additive-containing foods, but the amount was much lower than the acceptable daily intakes (ADI) established by FAO/WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JEFCA). Both mean and high (95th percentile) intakes of permitted artificial colour additives for all population groups were markedly lower than the ADI, because the Korean food industry has widely substituted natural colour additives for artificial colorants. However, the issue of consumption of colour additives by targeted groups such as children is of concern, so further studies to provide data on dietary intake of artificial colour additives on such vulnerable groups are needed.

Keywords: dietary intake; artificial colour; assessment; risk; Korea

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