Scientific journal

52 2013

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 1 / 2013

Determination and quantification of volatile compounds in fruits of selected elderberry cultivars grown in Czech Republic
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 52, 2013, No. 1, s. 1-11

Eva Vítová, Department of Food Chemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkyňova 118, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Tel: +420 541149475, e-mail:

Summary: The aim of this work was to identify and quantify the volatile aroma compounds in fruits of several elderberry cultivars and to find a cultivar with the highest content of them. Wild elder and sixteen cultivars of elderberries were analysed. Aroma compounds were extracted by solid phase microextraction, identified by gas chromatography-mass spectro¬metry and quantified by gas chromatography. In total, 102 volatile compounds were identified in all elderberry samples, among them 38 alcohols, 16 aldehydes, 10 ketones, 19 esters, 4 heterocycles, 6 hydrocarbons and 9 acids. Alcohols, aldehydes and esters were the most abundant, while significantly (P < 0.05) lower contents of heterocycles and hydrocarbons were found. Based on the literature, 36 compounds known as significant components of elderberry aroma, were chosen as markers of differences among cultivars. Owing to the highest total content of the selected compounds, cultivars Korsör (77.89 ± 3.57) mg•kg-1, Pregarten (43.20 ± 7.14) mg•kg-1 and Samdal (67.85 ± 8.22) mg•kg-1 were recommended for practical use.

Keywords: elderberry; aroma compounds; solid-phase microextraction; gas chromatography; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  (pdf, 197.23 Kb, 3150x)