Scientific journal

57 2018

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 3 / 2018

Sicińska, E. – Kałuża, J. – Januszko, O. – Pietruszka, B.
Comparison of factors determining voluntarily fortified food consumption between children and adolescents in Central-Eastern Poland
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 57, 2018, No. 3, s. 284-294

Ewa Sicińska, Chair of Basic Nutrition, Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 159c Nowoursynowska str., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.Tel: +48 22 59 37 127, e-mail:

Received 19 January 2018; 1st revised 20 March 2018; accepted 10 April 2018; published online 6 September 2018

Summary: The aim of this study was to compare socio-demographic and lifestyle determinants of voluntarily fortified food (VFF) consumption in 1?578 children and adolescents. Data were collected among parents of children (5–12 years) and among adolescents (13–20 years) who attended public schools in Central-Eastern Poland. Socio-demographic characteristics, health, lifestyle status and consumption of VFFs with vitamin/mineral were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate-adjusted logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals to determine the predictors of VFF consumption. A statistically significantly higher number of children compared to adolescents were VFF consumers (71.0 % versus 63.8 %, respectively; P = 0.002). In children, VFF consumers compared to non-consumers were younger (each 1-year increment was associated with 25% lower VFF consumption), used dietary supplements more often, usually ate four meals per day, and suffered from chronic diseases less frequently. In adolescents, VFF consumers more often than non-consumers assessed their socio-economic status as very good or good, health status as at least good, had higher physical activity level, used dietary supplements and intentionally included some food products in their diet. Knowledge of factors of VFF consumption create the possibility to adjust the education and public health policy to consumer needs.

Keywords: children; enriched product; food choice; intake; youth

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