Scientific journal

62 2023

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 1 / 2023

Indrayanti, L. – Nuwa, N. – Siska, G. – Firdara, E. – Afentina, A. – Yelsa, Y.
Comparison of nutritional values of kelulut (Heterotrigona itama) honey derived from forest and sweet star fruit vegetations
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 62, 2023, No. 1, s. 46-53

Lies Indrayanti, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, Palangka Raya University, Yos Sudarso Street, 73112 Palangka Raya, Indonesia; Laboratory of Forest Product, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, Palangka Raya University, Yos Sudarso Street, 73112 Palangka Raya, Indonesia. E-mail: indayantilies@for.upr.ac.id

Original article Received 24 November 2022; 1st revised 23 January 2023; accepted 26 January 2023; published online 14 February 2023

Summary: The nutrients content of honey is affected by the plants used as the source of nectar and pollen. The nutritional values of kelulut (Heterotrigona itama) honey collected from the meliponicultures with forest vegetation (heterogenous) and sweet star fruit (homo­genous) source were investigated. Biodiversity of pollen taxa in honey was estimated using the Shanon-Wiener method. The bee food analysis method was used to calculate the moisture content, total sugars, carbohydrates, protein, pH, ash, vitamin C and vitamin E of the samples. The presence of 17 species and 112 individuals at the level of seedling, sapling, pole and sawlog were identified. The bee food source was relatively sufficient with gerunggang (Cratoxylon arborescens) as the dominant species. The honey from heterogenous bee food sources had higher pH, total sugars, amino acids, vitamin E, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and proteins, but lower ash, moisture and vitamin C content than the honey from homogenous food source. Generally, the nutritional value of honey from heterogenous bee food source was better. Regulation of particular plants as bee food sources can be done to obtain a targeted nutritional value.

Keywords: kelulut bee; Heterotrigona itama; pollen; nectar; meliponiculture; nutritional value; sweet star fruit

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