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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Online First Articles

Padar, E. – Berktas, S. – Cam, M.
Spearmint hydrodistillation by-products: antioxidant activity and effects on lipid oxidation in sunflower and flaxseed oils

Serap Berktas, Institute of Natural Sciences, Erciyes University, Melikgazi 10, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey. E-mail:

Original article
Received 21 June 2023; 1st revised 12 September 2023; 2nd revised 28 October 2023; accepted 27 November 2023; published online 5 March 2024.

Súhrn: In this study, spearmint hydrodistillation by-products (residual water and residual leaves material) were studied regarding their antioxidant potentials. Extraction of rosmarinic acid from the leaves to the residual water reached its maximum (7.04 g·l-1) at a distillation time of 150 min. The extracts obtained from residual water and residual leaves material were examined with several in vitro antioxidant activity-related assays including beta-carotene bleaching activity, forced oxidation test and radical-scavenging activity to determine the antioxidative activities of extracts. Only residual water displayed dose-dependent antioxidative effects on beta-carotene linoleate system with activity of 66 % at 1 g·l-1. The extracts added to the flaxseed and sunflower oils at the level of 1 g·l-1 exerted pro-oxidative effects on the oils in an accelerated test at 70 °C, whereas residual water had no observable positive or negative effects on the oxidation status of the oils. The results indicated that residual water and residual leaves material might be a candidate for enrichment and/or recovering of rosmarinic acid.

Kľúčové slová: spearmint; hydrodistillation; antioxidant activity; sunflower oil; flaxseed oil

Na stiahnutie:
  jfnr202351-padar-240305.pdf (PDF, 378.37 Kb, 61x)